The new skills that Jenkins et al believe we need in order to effectively understand and use these new literacies include: “play, performance, simulation, appropriation, multitasking, distributed cognition, collective intelligence, judgement, transmedia navigation, networking and negation” (2006, p. 4).  For a more detailed understanding of each of these skills, please see Appendix A.   While these are so important for use with technology and the new literacies, these skills aren’t exclusive.  They can be effectively adapted for everyday life.  “These skills build on the foundation of traditional literacy, research skills, technical skills, and critical analysis skills taught in the classroom.” (Jenkins et al, 2006, p.4).

Educators need their students to develop basic literacy skills in order to be able to effectively use new media.  New literacies don’t take away from traditional literacy skills, instead they use them as a base and build on them.   “Much writing about twenty-first century literacies seems to assume that communicating through visual, digital or audiovisual media will displace reading and writing.  We fundamentally disagree.  Before students can engage with the new participatory culture, they must be able to read and write.”  (Jenkins et al, 2006, p.19).  There is no point teaching students how to search on Google to research a topic, if they can’t read or write.  Lankshear and Knobel state that these new media forms such as “…blogging, fanfic writing, manga producing, meme-ing, photoshopping, anime music video (AMV) practices, podcasting, vodcasting, and gaming are literacies, along with letter writing, keeping a diary, maintaining records, running a paper-based zine, reading literary novels and wordless picture books, reading graphic novels and comics, note-making during conference presentations or lectures, and reading bus timetables.” (2009, pg. 6).  Just because students may be using technology for these new literacies, does not take away from the fact that the students are still learning the skills that they need to be literate.